November 1st 1894: Nicholas II becomes Tsar
On this day in 1894, Nicholas Romanov became the new Tsar of Russia after his father Tsar Alexander III died; Nicholas was aged 26. Nicholas felt unprepared and inexperienced to lead his country. His rule saw Russia’s defeat in the Russo-Japanese War and began Russia’s disastrous involvement in World War One. He was known for violent suppression of protests. He ruled Russia until his abdication on March 2nd 1917 following the Bolshevik revolution, he and his family were then imprisoned and eventually executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in 1918.