November 8th 1519: Cortés enters Tenochtitlan
On this day in 1519, Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés entered the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan where he was greeted with a celebration by king Moctezuma. At the time, Tenochtitlan is believed to have been one of the largest cities in the world, dominating most great European cities. Cortés and his men were expelled from the city in 1520 after some Spanish massacred Aztec civilians during a festival. They later returned with Tlaxcalan allies to siege Tenochtitlan. The attack almost completely destroyed the great city, and the Spanish took Tenochtitlan in 1521. This was a major event in the Spanish conquest of the Americas and the fall of the Aztec Empire.