April 29th 1770: Cook lands at Botany Bay
On this day in 1770 Captain James Cook and his ship the Endeavour landed at Botany Bay, Australia. Cook’s ‘discovery’ of Australia and his claiming the land for Britain led to its future colonisation by Britain as a penal colony. Botany Bay is in Sydney, New South Wales and was initially called ‘Sting Ray Harbour’ by Cook due to the stingrays they caught there but he later named it Botany Bay due to the vast quantity of plants there. When they landed, Cook made contact with Aboriginal tribes. Botany Bay was later the site of the arrival of the First Fleet from Europe in 1788.