August 15th 1769: Napoleon born
On this day in 1769 Napoleon Bonaparte was born in Corsica, France. Napoleon became French Emperor in 1804 and led France in the wars against various European coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. France had initial success in the wars but by 1812 was in decline, partly due to Napoleon’s disastrous invasion of Russia. Napoleon was forced to abdicate and was exiled to Elba in 1814 after defeat at the Battle of Leipzig. Napoleon returned to power in 1815, but was defeated at the Battle of Waterloo which sealed the fate of the French army, and the coalitions declared victory. Napoleon was then exiled on Saint Helena, and in 1821 died of stomach cancer.