January 7th 1536: Catherine of Aragon dies
On this day in 1536, Catherine of Aragon died aged 50. Catherine was the first wife of King Henry VIII and was Queen of England from 1509 until 1533. A noble in her own right, Catherine was the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain. Her marriage to Henry ended in 1533 when it was annulled. Henry was disappointed that Catherine had given him no male heir and wished to marry his mistress Anne Boleyn instead. The Catholic Church would not allow this, and so Henry split England from the Church and established the Church of England. After the end of her marriage to the King, Catherine lived at Kimbolton Castle, where she died in 1536.
January 28th 1547: Henry VIII dies
On this day in 1547, the English King Henry VIII died aged 55. He had become King in 1509 after the death of his father Henry VII; they were the first two Tudor monarchs. Henry VIII is well known for his six famous marriages, which ended in two divorces, two executions and one death. He is also remembered as the leading force in separating the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church and establishing the monarch as head of the Church of England. His death was partly caused by his obesity. Henry was succeeded by his son Edward VI.
May 19th 1536: Anne Boleyn beheaded
On this day in 1536, the second wife of King Henry VIII of England was beheaded. Henry and Anne married in 1533 after the King divorced his first wife Catherine of Aragon to marry Anne, his mistress. When he tried to seek divorce, the Catholic Church protested, and thus the King split with the Church and assumed authority over religious matters. Many did not recognise the legitimacy of his second marriage. When Anne failed to produce a male heir Henry had her executed, using dubious charges of treason, adultery and incest. Henry soon after married Jane Seymour, who died in 1537.
April 21st 1509: Henry VIII becomes King
On this day in 1509 upon the death of English King Henry VII, his son Henry VIII ascended to the throne aged 17. His coronation took place in June the same year. Henry VIII is best remembered for his six marriages, which ended in two divorces, two executions and one death. He was also the leading force in separating the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church and establishing the monarch as head of the Church of England. Henry was King until his death in 1547 aged 55.
July 12th 1543: Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr
On this day in 1543, King Henry VIII of England married his sixth and last wife Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace. Henry’s previous wife, Catherine Howard, had been executed on 13th February 1542 due to her adultery. Of his other four previous wives, he divorced two (Catherine of Aragon and Anne of Cleves), one was executed (Anne Boleyn) and Jane Seymour died of natural causes. Catherine Parr helped reconcile the King with his daughters and assisted in restoring them to the line of succession. Henry died on 28th January 1547, thus his last wife outlived him.
On this day in 1533, King Henry VIII of England secretly married his second wife Anne Boleyn. She failed to produce a male heir, and so he had her executed in 1536